There are times when we want to treat a value of a primitive type as an object. Java provides a wrapper class for each primitive data type. Each wrapper class encapsulates its corresponding primitive data type. It is said to “wrap” a value of that type.

 

Section 1 - The Integer Class

 

The Integer class wraps an int value. You can create an Integer object by assignment to an int literal, variable, or expression.

Integer i = 5;                        // Assignment to an int literal
Integer j = 2+7;                      // Assignment to an int expression
int x = 4;
Integer k = x;                        // Assignment to an int variable

System.out.println(i);                // Prints 5
System.out.println(j);                // Prints 9
System.out.println(k);                // Prints 4

 

Section 1a - The parseInt Method

 

The static parseInt method converts a string formatted as a signed integer to an int value.

String s = “100”;                          // s contains string “100”
int z = Integer.parseInt(s);               // z contains int value 100
int y = Integer.parseInt(“-200”);          // y contains int value 200

 

The parseInt method can be called with a second argument that indicates the numeric base of the string.

System.out.println(Integer.parseInt("8000",16));        // Prints 32768
System.out.println(Integer.parseInt("-8000",16));        // Prints -32768

 

 

 

 

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